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Table 2 Potential groups of actors involved in the co-creation process (Example: intervention for school-children)

From: Framework, principles and recommendations for utilising participatory methodologies in the co-creation and evaluation of public health interventions

Group Description Example Expertise
End-users The group of people or population that is the target of the intervention School-children Provide insight of their specific needs
Stakeholders The group of people who are interested or involved in the implementation of the intervention but who may or may not be the end-users. May also be referred to collectively as “non-academic stakeholders” School-children
Parents of school-children
School directors
Local authorities
Educational bodies
Provide insight on intervention development and implementation from their perspective and experience.
Academic Researchers Individuals who, in a traditional public health model, conduct the research University researchers
Public health practitioners
Provide evidence from current research