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Table 1 Glossary of terms

From: Giving patients a voice: a participatory evaluation of patient engagement in Newfoundland and Labrador Health Research

Term Description
Formative evaluation Formative evaluation is typically conducted during program development or implementation in order the strengthen or improve a program [27].
Summative evaluation Summative evaluation is typically conducted once a program is established in order to examine the effects or outcomes of a program [27].
Participatory evaluation Participatory evaluation systematically invites and engages stakeholders in program evaluation planning and implementation [24, 25].
Statistics Statistical methods are used for analysing and summarizing data by for example calculating the mean or standard deviation and testing the relationship between data sets (e.g. the relationship between inputs and impacts).
Descriptive qualitative approach A research method that is used to provide a comprehensive summary of data reported in words. Data are analysed without a pre-existing (a priori) set of codes or assumptions [28].
Value model A visual illustration that presents the expected impact of a program
Logic model A visual illustration (road map) that presents the relationship between inputs, activities, outputs, outcomes and impacts of a program. A logic model is often used to guide evaluation planning and/or analysis.