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Table 1 The Peers Supporting Health Literacy, Self-efficacy, Self-Advocacy, and Adherence (Peers LEAD) program 8-week intervention

From: Preliminary engagement of a patient advisory board of African American community members with type 2 diabetes in a peer-led medication adherence intervention

Week Intervention Details of intervention delivery
Week 1 Discuss patient self-management goals and intervention details. Target negative illness beliefs with a focus on the cause and consequence of diabetes. A 2-h in-person group session with peer ambassador and peer buddy led by an African American diabetes educator
Week 2 Reframe medication beliefs to decrease medication concerns and increase the necessity of medicines. Address reasons for nonadherence. A 2-h in-person group session with peer ambassador and peer buddy led by an African American pharmacist
Week 3 Discuss self-efficacy, positive living, and coping with diabetes. A one-on-one phone call between paired peer ambassador and peer buddy
Week 4 Provide support for addressing fear, frustration, and emotional distress. A one-on-one phone call between paired peer ambassador and peer buddy
Week 5 Discuss self-advocacy in provider communication/relationship building. A one-on-one phone call between paired peer ambassador and peer buddy
Week 6 Discuss family/community bonding and maintaining cultural experiences. A one-on-one phone call between paired peer ambassador and peer buddy
Week 7 Discuss hemoglobin A1C as well as blood sugar, diet, and exercise. A one-on-one phone call between paired peer ambassador and peer buddy
Week 8 Re-examine patient goals. A one-on-one phone call between paired peer ambassador and peer buddy
  1. The bolded data show emphasis of the 3-week intervention conducted in this study
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