Skip to main content

Table 1 Considerations for a self-study of a patient/public-oriented research team studying KT/implementation science methods

From: Engaging with patients in research on knowledge translation/implementation science methods: a self study

Why should a research team undertake a self-study?
 To explore members’ individual and collective experience
 To engage in individual and collective reflection
 To address a goal of quality improvement with the ability to gain knowledge, principles or theory
When to undertake a self-study?
 Readiness to engage with patients and the public as co-researchers
 Readiness to have enhanced awareness of team needs and greater sensitivity and communication among team members
 Readiness to explore how the team can work through common, potentially challenging issues and willingness to act on the findings and insights
 Ability to adjust team approaches to meet the KT/implementation science methods research goals while supporting team members
Which approach?
 Collaborative action research, or another approach that allows for iterative processes of exploration and self-reflection
What process?
 The process is collaboratively determined and may include:
   Individual interviews
   Analysis of interviews and identification of findings that may be themed
   Reflective discussion of findings with research team
   Team decisions about action to take about any findings or insights
   Analysis of team discussion and/or potential interviews
   Further theme development through joint reflection with team members
   Action with team members and others on themes and overall findings
How to implement a self-study?
 Start conversations and planning for the self-study early among team members, with sensitivity to power relationships within research teams
 Involve team members in decision-making about the self-study, including the implementation/interpretation of data, discussions of reporting and deciding who have access to the data
 Clarify ethical issues; tools such as the A Project Ethics Community Consensus Initiative Screening Tool ( can be useful
 Engage with team members with qualitative methodological expertise
 Involve interviewers from outside of the team to conduct interviews and directed reflections to allow for openness and anonymity/ confidentiality
 Consider specific needs of patient/public members re interviews and/or separate reflective discussions
 Consider who should see raw data or only themed, anonymized data
 Create opportunities for discussions among the team that may bring out new understandings
 Consider that action may happen in the near or distant future. Action may take the form of activities, developing new skills, using and sharing new concepts and/or influencing change. Action may also be a conscious team decision to not take specific actions, but to work with greater understanding